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Table 3 T-tests on the differences in the mean values of the attitudes between the plant group and the animal group towards gene-edited foods

From: Effects of information on consumer attitudes towards gene-edited foods: a comparison between livestock and vegetables

  Item Group mean sd df t (Welch’s test) p-value Group mean difference [95% CI] Cohen’s d
L 1. Increasing size of livestock by 20% (increase by a factor of 1.2) Plant 2.86 1.09 4495.68 3.50 0.000 0.112 [− 0.175, − 0.049] 0.104
Animal 2.97 1.06
2. Increasing size of livestock by 50% (increase by a factor of 1.5) Plant 2.70 1.10 4499.06 3.98 0.000 0.129 [− 0.192, − 0.065] 0.119
Animal 2.82 1.07
3. Making livestock more resistant to disease Plant 3.59 1.01 4493.40 4.38 0.000 0.130 [− 0.188, − 0.071] 0.130
Animal 3.72 0.98
4. Improving nutritional value of livestock Plant 3.38 1.05 4504.60 3.88 0.000 0.121 [− 0.182, − 0.060] 0.115
Animal 3.50 1.04
5. Improving the taste of livestock Plant 3.40 1.06 4504.88 4.08 0.000 0.128 [− 0.190, − 0.067] 0.122
Animal 3.53 1.05
V 1. Increasing size of vegetables by 20% (increase by a factor of 1.2) Plant 3.18 1.04 4504.82 0.89 0.371 0.028 [− 0.088, 0.033] 0.027
Animal 3.20 1.03
2. Increasing size of vegetables by 50% (increase by a factor of 1.5) Plant 3.00 1.07 4503.74 1.32 0.187 0.042 [− 0.103, 0.020] 0.039
Animal 3.04 1.05
3. Making vegetables more resistant to disease Plant 3.71 0.96 4511.56 0.74 0.458 0.042 [− 0.078, 0.035] 0.022
Animal 3.73 0.98
4. Improving the nutritional value of vegetables Plant 3.69 1.01 4505.56 0.28 0.782 0.008 [− 0.067, 0.050] 0.008
Animal 3.70 1.00
5. Improving the taste of vegetables Plant 3.65 1.02 4508.52 0.74 0.947 0.002 [− 0.061, 0.057] 0.002
Animal 3.65 1.02
  1. Sample size for each group: n = 2226 (plant group), n = 2288 (animal group)