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Table 4 Summary of estimated costs by country

From: Towards estimating the economic cost of invasive alien species to African crop and livestock production

Country Annual weeding costs Reduced livestock derived income Spodoptera frugiperda Prostephanus truncatus Chilo partellus Phenacoccus manihoti Phthorimaea absoluta BBTV Bactrocera dorsalis Total
Algeria 608 2 611
Angola 1066 1 368 2 96 185 1717
Benin 452 0 376 36 0 18 883
Botswana 26 0 1 1 2 0 31
Burkina Faso 874 1 186 12 2 1075
Burundi 6 0 11 192 5 92 204 510
Côte d'Ivoire 1212 1 211 495 64 1984
Cameroon 725 0 2237 363 79 24 17 1 3446
Central African Republic 125 1 137 21 1 18 304
Chad 1052 2 51 21 1126
Congo, Republic of 272 0 12 1163 1 24 100 1573
Congo, Democratic Republic of 3166 0 418 0 16 451 4053
Djibouti 0 0
Egypt 520 9 967 1496
Equatorial Guinea 0 2 14 16
Eritrea 32 3 16 10 16 78
Ethiopia 442 22 209 427 17 80 1197
Gabon 148 0 9 0 0 1 159
Gambia, The 21 1 4 0 13 40
Ghana 703 0 277 14 0 94 1088
Guinea 427 0 37 0 35 500
Guinea–Bissau 0 0 4 1 3 24 33
Kenya 917 33 719 41 304 155 222 184 2576
Lesotho 69 8 8 85
Liberia 12 0 21 34
Libya 178 0 178
Malawi 457 1 31 59 127 1231 119 204 2288
Mali 1099 3 252 2 421 1776
Mauritania 5 0 13 18
Morocco 1442 5 211 1658
Mozambique 868 3 421 30 71 1587 58 36 107 3212
Namibia 365 1 9 5 13 392
Niger 2477 1 5 5 34 2522
Nigeria 10194 2 500 238 1854 79 2202 15069
Rwanda 13 1 17 6 59 0 47 143
South Sudan 174 15 26 214
Senegal 589 0 25 3 7 284 42 950
Sierra Leone 115 0 0 0 94 210
Somalia 16 5 16 9 46
South Africa 2275 33 1082 599 3989
Sudan 542 7 5 7 256 816
Eswatini 9 1 7 54 70
Tanzania 1268 4 644 64 144 613 175 526 3438
Togo 303 0 13 13 3 1 334
Tunisia 228 1 118 348
Uganda 391 5 609 30 233 0 1 371 1639
Zambia 375 4 307 9 217 399 29 0 10 1350
Zimbabwe 89 1 144 11 65 0 80 390
Total 36,342 173 9394 382 2592 6254 4149 568 5820 65,573
  1. In millions USD. For the yield losses by individual species, the values are the middle estimates, based on literature and survey responses. A dash indicates that no estimate was made, whereas a zero indicates a small estimate