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Table 7 A selection of genomic and molecular studies performed on teff and related species in the last two decades

From: Value of teff (Eragrostis tef) genetic resources to support breeding for conventional and smallholder farming: a review

Main topic Genetic materials Approach Practical implications References
Genetic diversity in tef and its relatives 47 accessions of tef, three accessions of E. pilosa, and six accessions of E.curvula RAPD markers Genetic fingerprinting teff conservation and improvement Bai et al. (2000)
Linkage map of teff 116 RILs from an inter-specific cross between tef cultivar Kaye murri and E. pilosa RFLP markers Characterization of the recombination landscape of teff and support for further genetic and genomic studies in teff improvement Zhang et al. (2001)
Genetic diversity in teff 92 selected teff genotypes belonging to eight origin groups ISSR markers Genetic fingerprinting, teff conservation and breeding Assefa et al. (2003)
QTL mapping of agronomic traits 124 teff F7 RILs AFLP, ISSR, rice EST-SSR markers and tef specific EST-SSR markers Useful information to enhance yield and yield related traits and lodging resistance Chanyalew et al. (2005)
A genetic linkage map for teff and QTL mapping of agronomic traits 94 teff F9 RIL from an inter-specific cross between tef cultivar Kaye murri and E. pilosa AFLPs, EST-SSRs, ISSRs, IFLPs and SNP markers Useful information in marker assisted selection breeding to improve agronomic traits Yu et al. (2006)
Yu et al. (2007)
Degu and Fujimura (2010)
Production and identification of semi-dwarf mutants An EMS mutagenized population of 21,210 teff plants High-throughput discovery of mutations using next generation sequencing of dwarfing candidate genes Useful information to improve lodging resistance in teff Zhu et al. (2012)
Genetic diversity in teff germplasm 326 cultivated tef accessions, 13 wild relatives, and four commercial tef varieties SSR markers Genetic fingerprinting for teff conservation and hybridization program Zeid et al. (2012)
Identify mutations for genes responsible for agronomic and lodging tolerance traits Teff cultivar Dukem (DZ-01-974) and teff cultivar Tsedey (DZ-Cr-37) TILLING mutagenesis followed by high throughput mutation detection Enhancement of lodging tolerance and agronomic traits in teff breeding Korinna et al. (2013)
Transformation of tef by Agrobacterium with GA inactivating gene Teff cultivar DZ-01-196 In vitro plant regeneration and detection of transgene insertion and expression Genetic transformation in teff to induce dwarfism Gebre et al. (2013)
Genome and transcriptome sequencing of teff Teff cultivar Tseday Genome and transcriptome sequencing First genome sequence of teff Cannarozzi et al. (2014)
Genetic relationship of teff genotypes 60 diverse teff genotypes SSR markers Genetic fingerprinting, teff conservation and breeding Abraha et al. (2016)
Characterization of repetitive elements in the teff genome Teff cultivar Enatite Genome sequencing Origin and evolution of teff transposable elements Gebre et al. (2016)
Genetic diversity of teff and wild relatives Landraces, improved varieties, and wild relatives SSR markers Genetic fingerprinting, teff conservation and breeding Fikre et al. (2018)
Genetic relationship between teff and its wild Eragrostis progenitors Landraces, improved varieties, mutant lines, and Eragrostis spp. SNP markers Genetic fingerprinting, teff conservation and breeding Girma et al. (2018)
Identification of miRNAs linked with the drought response of teff Teff cultivar Tseday (drought tolerant) and teff cultivar Alba (drought susceptible) Genomic sequencing Useful information for further genetic and genomic studies in teff breeding (Martinelli et al. 2018)
Genome sequencing of Eragrostis curvula E. curvula cv. Victoria Genomic sequencing Insights into Poaceae evolution Carballo et al. (2019)
Genome sequencing of teff Teff cultivar Dabbi (PI 524438) Genomic sequencing A high quality genome sequence of teff VanBuren et al. (2020)
Genome wide association study for adaptation, agronomic traits, and farmer preferences A collection of teff landraces representative of the EBI ex situ collection SNP markers The first GWAS in teff agronomic performance in relation to climate adaptation and farmers’ preferences Woldeyohannes et al. (2021)
  1. RAPD: Random amplified polymorphic DNA; RFLP: Restriction fragment length polymorphisms; EST–SSR: Simple sequence repeats derived from expressed sequence tags; SNP: Single nucleotide polymorphism; INDEL: Insertion and deletion; IFLP: Intron fragment length polymorphism; ISSR: Inter-simple sequence repeat amplification; ISSR: Inter simple sequence repeat; RIL: Recombinant inbred line; TILLING: Targeting Induced Local Lesions IN Genomes; EBI: Ethiopian Biodiversity Insititute; GWAS: Genome-wide association study; QTL: Quantitative trai loci; EMS: Ethyl methanesulfonate