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Table 3 Description of treatments for evaluation of individual, combined and alternate application of BCAs

From: Fungal and viral entomopathogens as a combined strategy for the biological control of fall armyworm larvae in maize

Treatment First application Second application
BCA Dose BCA Dose
T1 NPV 8.0 × 1011 OBs/ha NPV 8.0 × 1011 OBs/ha
T2 M. rileyi 1.3 × 1012 con/ha M. rileyi 1.3 × 1012 con/ha
T3 NPV 8.0 × 1011 OBs/ha M. rileyi 1.3 × 1012 con/ha
T4 M. rileyi 1.3 × 1012 con/ha NPV 8.0 × 1011 OBs/ha
T5a NPV 4.0 × 1011 OBs/ha NPV 4.0 × 1011 OBs/ha
M. rileyi 6.5 × 1011 con/ha M. rileyi 6.5 × 1011 con/ha
T6 Control (without application)
  1. aSuspension containing a mixture of both BCAs using 50% of the field recommended doses